残差网络(ResNet)

http://zh-v2.d2l.ai/chapter_convolutional-modern/resnet.html

我安装了d2l,为什么在notebook里面还是报错,ModuleNotFoundError: No module named ‘d2l’,请大佬指教

Hi @Fei_K,用 pip list d2l 检查一下你的environment里是否有d2l。 (下次请post到https://discuss.d2l.ai/t/topic/2083/5)

reinstall重新pip。
Preview:
pip install git+https://github.com/d2l-ai/d2l-en.git

RuntimeError: DataLoader worker (pid(s) 9128, 1780, 7056, 6240) exited unexpectedly
运行错误帮忙解决,谢谢

也碰到同样问题,搜索了下,疑似并行线程占用资源太多,没有解决,同求助

设置d2l包中dataloader函数的参数 num_workers = 0

问题在图片里面,多多指教,谢谢

        def forward(self, X):
          Y = F.relu(self.bn1(self.conv1(X)))
          Y = self.bn2(self.conv2(Y))
          if self.conv3:
              X = self.conv3(X)
          Y += X
          return F.relu(Y)

在forward中加入条件判断语句,速度应该会下降?(猜测)因为GPU没有分支预测,也无法乱序执行。建议放在__init__函数中根据条件先定义好模块,到forward中直接用。

such as

class Build_block(nn.Module):
  def __init__(self,in_channels,out_channels,downsample=False):
    super().__init__()
    self.preprocess = nn.Sequential()
    if downsample: # 如果需要做下采样,说明通道和分辨率都需要改变
      self.conv1 = Basic_conv(in_channels,out_channels,stride = 2)
      conv3 = Basic_conv(in_channels,out_channels,stride = 2)
      self.preprocess.add_module('1x1conv',conv3) 
    else:
      self.conv1 = Basic_conv(in_channels,out_channels,stride = 1)
      
    self.conv2 = Basic_conv(out_channels,out_channels,stride = 1)
    self.relu = nn.ReLU()

  def forward(self,X):
    Y = self.conv1(X)
    Y = self.relu(Y)
    Y = self.conv2(Y)
    Y += self.preprocess(X)
    return Y

老师您好,我按照教程第一次启动jupyter notebook 运行测试的d2l ,但是在点了run all之后浏览器自动跳转到最下面,之后就没有任何反应了,也不是按照教程下载数据包,这是怎么回事?和我用的浏览器有关系吗?

根据练习4改进模型后,模型不收敛了,求指教.

改动后的模型(其余部分不变):

参照何凯明的文章和torchvision.models.resnet源码,以下我实现了ResNet50/101/152,相对于课程简单实现中Residual基础块,以下模型引入了bottleneck块。由于使用了和torchvision.models.resnet一致的层命名方式,可以直接加载torchvision中提供的预训练模型参数state_dict。供小伙伴们参考 :yum:

import torch
import torchvision
from torch import nn
from typing import List, Optional


class Bottleneck(nn.Module):
    # ResNet bottleneck block, 1x1conv-3x3conv-1x1conv.
    # downsample between stage layers to halve the size of input,
    # cooperated with 3x3conv stride=2

    # Normally the 3td conv possesses 4x channels compared to previous ones
    expansion = 4

    def __init__(self, in_channels, channels, stride=1, downsample: Optional[nn.Module]=None):
        super(Bottleneck, self).__init__()
        # Notice: In the first bottleneck of every residual stage,
        #         set 3x3conv stride=2 to halve the feature_map size,
        #         except the first residual stage (also named stage 2),
        #         which has been halved by MaxPooling with stirde=2 in stage 1.
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(in_channels, channels, kernel_size=1, stride=1, bias=False)
        self.bn1 = nn.BatchNorm2d(channels)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(channels, channels, kernel_size=3, stride=stride,
                            padding=1, bias=False)
        self.bn2 = nn.BatchNorm2d(channels)
        self.conv3 = nn.Conv2d(channels, channels * self.expansion, kernel_size=1,
                            stride=1, bias=False)
        self.bn3 = nn.BatchNorm2d(channels *self.expansion)
        self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True)
        self.downsample = downsample

    def forward(self, x):
        out = self.relu(self.bn1(self.conv1(x)))
        out = self.relu(self.bn2(self.conv2(out)))
        out = self.bn3(self.conv3(out))

        if self.downsample == None:
            identity = x
        else:
            identity = self.downsample(x)

        out += identity # pixel-wise addtition
        out = self.relu(out)
        return out

class ResNet(nn.Module):
    # Generic building func for ResNet-n
    def __init__(self, layers: List[int], num_classess=1000):
        super(ResNet, self).__init__()
        self.in_channels = 64
        self.bottleneck = Bottleneck
        # The followling layers define stage 1(befor residual blocks)
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(3, self.in_channels, kernel_size=7,
                            stride=2, padding=3, bias=False)
        self.bn1 = nn.BatchNorm2d(self.in_channels)
        self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True)
        self.maxpool = nn.MaxPool2d(kernel_size=3, stride=2, padding=1)
        # The following layers define stage 2-5(residual blocks)
        self.layer1 = self._make_layer(64, layers[0])
        self.layer2 = self._make_layer(128, layers[1], stride=2)
        self.layer3 = self._make_layer(256, layers[2], stride=2)
        self.layer4 = self._make_layer(512, layers[3], stride=2)
        self.avgpool = nn.AdaptiveAvgPool2d((1, 1))
        self.fc = nn.Linear(512 * self.bottleneck.expansion, num_classess)

    # Build residual block
    def _make_layer(self, channels, num_bottleneck, stride=1):
        # 'stride' for 3x3conv or 1x1conv in downsample
        # channel=64 in first residual stage
        # stride=2 3x3conv & 1x1conv(downsmaple) in bottlenect 1 in in stage 2-5
        downsample = nn.Sequential(
            nn.Conv2d(self.in_channels, channels * self.bottleneck.expansion, 
                    kernel_size=1, stride=stride, bias=False),
            nn.BatchNorm2d(channels * self.bottleneck.expansion))
        layers = []
        # Append the first bottleneck of residual block
        layers.append(self.bottleneck(
            self.in_channels, channels, stride, downsample))
        # Append the rest bottlenecks of residual block
        self.in_channels *= self.bottleneck.expansion
        # For stage 3-5, in_channels is half of the out_channels of previous stage
        if channels != 64: # Indicate stage 3-5
            self.in_channels = int(self.in_channels / 2)
        for _ in range(1, num_bottleneck):
            layers.append(self.bottleneck(self.in_channels, channels))

        return nn.Sequential(*layers)

    def forward(self, x):
        # Stage 1
        out = self.maxpool(self.relu(self.bn1(self.conv1(x))))
        # Stage 2-5
        out = self.layer1(out)
        out = self.layer2(out)
        out = self.layer3(out)
        out = self.layer4(out)
        # GlobalAvgPool-FC
        out = self.avgpool(out)
        out = torch.flatten(out, 1)
        out = self.fc(out)

        return out

    # Construct ResNet-n
    def ResNet50(num_classess):
        return ResNet([3, 4, 6, 3], num_classess)

    def ResNet101(num_classess):
        return ResNet([3, 4, 23, 3], num_classess)

    def ResNet152(num_classess):
        return ResNet([3, 8, 36, 3], num_classess)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    num_classess = 1000
    # Build model structure
    resnet152 = ResNet.ResNet152(num_classess)
    # Load parameters from pretrained model
    pretraind_model_urls = {
        'resnet50': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/resnet50-19c8e357.pth',
        'resnet101': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/resnet101-5d3b4d8f.pth',
        'resnet152': 'https://download.pytorch.org/models/resnet152-b121ed2d.pth',}
    state_dict = torchvision.models.utils.load_state_dict_from_url(
        pretraind_model_urls['resnet152'],
        progress=True )
    resnet152 = resnet152.load_state_dict(state_dict)

7.6.2 的pytorch代码里面,定义了 self.relu = nn.ReLU(inplace=True),但是实际并没有用到,forward的里面用的是F.relu()函数,定义多余了吧。

拜托改一下头像吧,大兄dei, 误会大了

将学习率降低十倍试试。。。。。。。。。。。。。。。