Why do we need moving average (the average of average for every mini batch) for prediction mode? Instead we can do, once we finished training the model, we calculate the whole dataset average and use it for batch normalization in prediction mode. And the momentum part in the moving average formula, is it smoothed moving average formula? Also you should write epsilon rather than eps in code just in case to make it more concise. Thank you.

Hey @rezahabibi96, great question! Your question is fundamentally asking the

choice of batchsize (since for the â€śmini-batchâ€ť, it uses the mini batch size to normalize each sample; while for the â€śwhole datasetâ€ť batch, it uses the whole training sample size to normalize each sample.) As we mentioned in this section: â€ś*One takeaway here is that when applying batch normalization, the choice of batch size may be even more significant than without batch normalization*â€ť. If we use the mini batchsize, then the variance decreases and the benefit of the noise-injection drops. Check more details on http://d2l.ai/chapter_optimization/minibatch-sgd.html#minibatches. Let me know if it helps?!

What exactly are you asking for in exercise 2?

â€śCompare the learning rates for LeNet with and without batch normalization.â€ť

Is it an experiment which a high and low learning rate with and with out batch normalization? Or is it just 1.) the given learning rate, with and without batch norm and 2.) how large can you make the learning rate with batch normalization?

Hi @smizerex, great question. Sorry for a bit confusion. Would it be more clear if we state it this way:

Cool, thank you !

What defines a â€śmaximum learning rateâ€ť? for both models i was able to put in learning rates much larger than 1000 and the models not blow up. Once iI got to learning rates that generated training and test accuracy around .1, accuracies were varying from .1-.2 which I wasnt sure if that was just from the resolution dilution from having error and accuracy on the same graph.